Diet, nutrition and cancer risk: Current knowledge and future perspectives
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Department of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, International Hellenic University, Thessaloniki, Greece
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Physical Education and Sport Science Dietetics, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
Publication date: 2022-05-27
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement Supplement 1):A62
Cancer incidence is on the rise worldwide and is projected to continue in the next decades1. It has been established that lifestyle, and nutrition especially, has a crucial role in cancer development, especially in the most common cancers, such as breast, prostate and colorectal2. Organisations such as the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Cancer Society have recently released dietary guidelines for the reduction of the risk of developing cancer2. Guidelines focus on the role of excess weight and body fat, as well as specific nutrients and dietary patterns in cancer development. Examples of convincing evidence on the role of nutrition in cancer development include red and processed meat with colorectal cancer, and obesity with eleven (11) cancers2. In this presentation, all the latest evidence regarding the role of excess weight and obesity, nutrients and dietary patterns will be presented, as well as future research that is warranted to better understand the role of nutrition in cancer development.
Sung H, Ferlay J, Siegel RL, et al. Global Cancer Statistics 2020: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries. CA Cancer J Clin. 2021;71(3):209-249. doi:10.3322/caac.21660
World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research. Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Cancer: A Global Perspective. A summary of the Third Expert Report. World Cancer Research Fund International; 2018. Accessed May 4, 2022.
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