Diet, nutrition and cancer: What is the way forward after cancer therapy
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Lab of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics (CND-lab), Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Physical Education, Sport Science Dietetics, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
Publication date: 2022-05-27
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement Supplement 1):A61
Cancer survivors are considered a unique population that is growing rapidly. It is well-documented that modifiable risk factors such as nutrition, physical activity, and obesity may affect the risk for recurrence and overall survival during survivorship. Moreover, the way of living after cancer diagnosis and treatment can lead to a poorer quality of life and increased risk of developing co-morbidities, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, there is evidence that lifestyle modification including the improvement of diet and physical activity would potentially benefit cancer survival rates and overall mortality. Therefore, national organizations have published specific guidelines for cancer survivors that should be considered in a comprehensive survivorship care plan. These guidelines include recommendations on diet, exercise, alcohol, and anthropometric parameters with the necessary support on behaviour change enabling survivors’ ability to adhere to these recommendations. Briefly, cancer survivors are been recommended to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight through a balanced nutrition, a limited alcohol consumption and an increased physical activity. Health care professionals should include the current guidelines along with attention to every survivor’s personal needs for a tailored-made optimal survivorship care plan.
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