Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs): How European FBDGs can promote sustainable dietary patterns?
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European Federation of the Associations of Dietitians, Dietetics, Aegean College, Athens, Greece
Publication date: 2022-05-27
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement Supplement 1):A15
Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) are an ideal tool to promote sustainable dietary patterns around Europe. Some best practice examples include: the guidelines of Flanders, where there is a clear reference that a mainly plant-based diet with seasonal foods has a reduced impact on the environment. Seasonality and locality of food produce and especially fruits and vegetables are also promoted in FBDGs of Bulgaria, Ireland, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Austria, Portugal, Norway and Slovenia. Moreover, guidelines urge citizens to avoid food waste and moderate their consumption in various European countries such as Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Estonia and Iceland. Further details on environmental impact (e.g. water footprint) are included in various food groups in the Flemish FBDGs, while fish or poultry production sustainability are distinctly referred in FBDGs of Germany, where there is also reference to fair trade, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Finally, organic products are included in the guidelines of France, Sweden and Slovakia. In Finland, weight control is advisable for sustainability reasons as well, because overweight people have greater energy needs than normal weight people. Increasing the consumption of vegetables, root vegetables, potatoes, berries, fruits and cereals (excluding rice) is also advised because it reduces the impact on climate and eutrophication. Rapeseed oil, margarines and olive oil also have lower impact on the climate than butter.
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Food-Based Dietary Guidelines in Europe - table 19. European Commission. Accessed April 28, 2022.
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