Can we halt obesity with breastfeeding?
More details
Hide details
2nd Neonatology Clinic and NICU, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital “Papageorgiou”, Thessaloniki, Greece
Publication date: 2022-05-27
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement Supplement 1):A44
Childhood and adult obesity is a serious public health concern and rising rates are not always interpreted by overeating. Current evidence on human adult and infant studies clarify the associations with gut microbiota and infant overweight or adult weight status and implicate how the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiome influences energy absorption, immune homeostasis, host metabolism and weight control. The optimal policy generally to promote the colonization of a healthy infant gut microbiome, is to have a vaginal delivery followed by exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age with minimal exposure to antibiotics. Moreover, there is a dose-response effect between duration of breastfeeding and reduced risk of early childhood obesity.
Possible mechanisms linking breastfeeding to early childhood obesity are recognized. Quantity of protein in human milk is lower than that in formula. The longer a child is breastfed, the lower the risk of childhood obesity. Additionally, maternal dietary flavor delivered in breast milk may influence infants' later taste and food acceptability. Secondly, infants who are breastfed for a long time are more self-adjusting and may decrease their milk consumption when complimentary food is introduced. Utilization of human milk in diet provides hope for halting obesity.
Qiao J, Dai LJ, Zhang Q, Ouyang YQ. A Meta-Analysis of the Association Between Breastfeeding and Early Childhood Obesity. J Pediatr Nurs. 2020;53:57-66. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2020.04.024
Bell S, Yew SSY, Devenish G, Ha D, Do L, Scott J. Duration of Breastfeeding, but Not Timing of Solid Food, Reduces the Risk of Overweight and Obesity in Children Aged 24 to 36 Months: Findings from an Australian Cohort Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(4):599. doi:10.3390/ijerph15040599
Jian C, Carpén N, Helve O, de Vos WM, Korpela K, Salonen A. Early-life gut microbiota and its connection to metabolic health in children: Perspective on ecological drivers and need for quantitative approach. EBioMedicine. 2021;69:103475. doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2021.103475
Dreyer JL, Liebl AL. Early colonization of the gut microbiome and its relationship with obesity. Hum Microb J. 2018(10):1-5. doi:10.1016/j.humic.2018.08.002
Mameli C, Mazzantini S, Zuccotti GV. Nutrition in the First 1000 Days: The Origin of Childhood Obesity. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13(9):838. doi:10.3390/ijerph13090838
Wallby T, Lagerberg D, Magnusson M. Relationship Between Breastfeeding and Early Childhood Obesity: Results of a Prospective Longitudinal Study from Birth to 4 Years. Breastfeed Med. 2017;12(1):48-53. doi:10.1089/bfm.2016.0124
Wang L, Collins C, Ratliff M, Xie B, Wang Y. Breastfeeding Reduces Childhood Obesity Risks. Child Obes. 2017;13(3):197-204. doi:10.1089/chi.2016.0210
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top