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Investigation of the adherence to Mediterranean diet in patients with bronchial asthma
 
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1
Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
 
2
Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
 
3
School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
 
 
Publication date: 2022-05-27
 
 
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement 1):A140
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Aim:
The investigation of the of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in patients with bronchial asthma who are monitored at the Outpatient Clinic of Bronchial Asthma of the University Hospital of Larissa as well as the correlation of adherence with the severity of the disease.

Material:
The sample was collected from October 2021 to February 2022. Anthropometric and clinical data on the severity of the disease were gathered. The Med Diet Score questionnaire was used to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

Results:
The sample was consisted of 43 patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma. 74% (32/43) were women. The mean age was 61.7 ± 13.1 years. 55.8% (n = 24) of the patients had severe asthma and the rest had moderate asthma. Men at a significantly higher rate had more severe asthma compared to women (82% vs. 47%, p = 0.046). The mean value of BMI was 31.1 ± 6.6 with no difference between genders (p = 0.9). The percentage of normal, overweight, 1st, 2nd and morbid obesity were respectively: 9%, 51%, 26%, 7% and 7%. 55.8% of the sample were non-smokers, 39.5% former and 4.7% current smokers. 46.5%, 41.2% and 11.6% of the sample showed great, moderate and low satisfaction with their financial situation, respectively. 48.8%, 46.5% and 4.7% of the sample reported low, moderate and high physical activity, respectively. 95.3% of patients had moderate adherence to the Mediterranean diet and only 4.7% of patients had high adherence. Greater satisfaction with the economic situation was significantly associated with greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet (p = 0.002). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was not correlated with the severity of the disease (p = 0.896).

Conclusions:
It is imperative to implement measures to inform and raise awareness of patients with bronchial asthma about the benefits of the Mediterranean diet.

 
REFERENCES (3)
1.
Barros R, Moreira A, Fonseca J, et al. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and fresh fruit intake are associated with improved asthma control. Allergy. 2008;63(7):917-923. doi:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2008.01665.x
 
2.
Polzin D, Jurovcik A, Saulnier J, Vogel K. Does the Mediterranean diet improve asthma outcomes? Evid Based Pract. 2019;22(12):18-19. doi:10.1097/EBP.0000000000000466
 
3.
Chronic respiratory diseases: asthma. World Health Organization; 2020. May 15, 2020. Updated May 3, 2021. Accessed May 1, 2022. https://www.who.int/news-room/....
 
ISSN:2732-8929
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