Farmed versus wild fish fillets: What are the differences?
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Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey
Publication date: 2022-05-27
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement 1):A28
Wild fish refers to the caught fish and other living organisms from the wild (sea, ocean, lake) aiming to be consumed as seafood. Farmed fish (aquaculture) refers to the controlled process of cultivating aquatic organisms. Seafood (fish and other aquatic organisms) is considered desirable in the human diet. Seafood contains an important source of protein and essential elements for healthy human nutrition. A myth about captured fish and farmed fish is that wild fish are generally assumed to be healthier than farmed fish. Basic truths are:
  1. the nutritional benefits of farmed fish are almost equal to wild fish;
  2. the lipid composition of farmed fish is more constant being independent of seasons;
  3. the farmed fish is rich in EPA, DHA, and omega-3;
  4. farmed fish has less risk of heavy metal or microplastic contamination;
  5. farmed fish is more ethically produced concerning slaughtering methods.
Provided that aquaculture is performed under appropriate conditions, the nutritional content of farmed fish would not be different from that of wild fish. Cultured fish has the advantages of humane slaughter and apparent non-toxicity. Farmed fish is under the erroneous impression thus, the consumer perception needs correction through the expansion of scientific information.
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