Workload and nutritional monitoring in sports
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Department of Life Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
Department of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, International Hellenic University, Thessaloniki, Greece
Publication date: 2022-06-01
Public Health Toxicol 2022;2(Supplement Supplement 1):A160
Workload monitoring and determination in sports contributes significantly to the smooth management of training load. There has been widespread use of advanced systems for locating and determining athletes’ instant positioning and space-time alterations in recent years. Athletes’ monitoring systems during training and competition are used routinely, particularly in high-performance sport. Practitioners in elite sports are required to collect, analyze, and interpret information on their athletes. Recorded biometrics during training and games/ events, athletes' response to the training/competition stimulus, perceptual stressors and readiness level, subsequent training prescription, and implementation of other applications are also determined towards a holistic external and internal workload determination approach. Proper nutritional monitoring and intervention could prevent overtraining and maladaptation by maintaining energy balance. Nutritional strategies during high workloads require:
a) energy intake >30 kcal∙kg-1;
b) adequate amounts of carbohydrates (6-10g∙kg-1), and/or carbohydrate loading (8-12g∙kg-1);
c) sufficient amount of proteins (1,2 - 1,6g∙kg-1); and
d) vitamin D (100mg) from Autumn to Spring.
Moreover, abundant amounts of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, especially iron and selenium, and also probiotics are deemed necessary. The current seminar aims to present the physiological requirements and capacities of elite athletes, the development and utilization of new technologies for workload monitoring in sports and its utilization in performance optimization and management of injury risk. In addition, it provides a thorough overview of the contemporary systems, applications and evidence in athlete monitoring as well as applied examples of best practice from high-performance sport. In particular the science underlying athlete monitoring approaches, general principles of application, and best implementation practices are presented.

  • Presentation of current major technologies and applications in athletes monitoring;
  • Determination of external and internal workload measures in footballers;
  • Presentation of footballers’ self-report measures on perceptual well-being;
  • Determination of objective and subjective measures of ‘readiness to train/compete’;
  • Analysis, interpretation of real workload data and utilisation in training prescription.

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